Cancer: Liver - Hepatocellular (HCC)

Liver cancers are generally divided into two types: Cancers that start in the liver and cancers that have spread to the liver from another part of the body. Many patients who present with liver cancer cannot have them removed by surgery as the tumor(s) may be too large, grown into vital structures, or too numerous.

Our group can provide targeted ablation and embolization treatments to the liver. We use image guidance and minimally invasive techniques to treat the tumors without affecting other parts of the body.

Embolization (Click to learn more)

Embolization is a technique whereby a drug or high dose radiation particle is delivered directly to the tumor from a feeding blood vessel. The interventional radiologist performs this procedure through a technique called angiography. The patient is provided a mild sedative and local anesthesia to ensure patient comfort. A small tiny catheter is thread using imaging guidance from the artery in the groin to the artery supplying the tumor. When the catheter is in the appropriate position a high dose of chemotherapy drug or radioactive particle (Yttrium-90) is injected into the tumor(s). The treatment is well tolerated and patients either go home the same day or the next day.

Ablation (Click to learn more)

Ablation is a technique whereby the interventional radiologist uses image guidance, typically computerized tomography (CT) scan and ultrasound, to place one or more needles into the liver percutaneously. The patient is generally under general anesthesia for the procedure for comfort and accurate needle placement. The needle is guided through the skin into the tumor. When the needle is in the tumor either radiofreqency (heat), or cryo (cold freeze) is applied to kill the tumor while sparing normal liver tissue. The treatment is well tolerated and most patients go home the same day.